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Carruthers, George R.
Oral history interview with George Carruthers, 1992 August 18.
George Carruthers was born 1939 in Cincinnati, Ohio; child of George Arthur Carruthers and Sophia Singley Carruthers; father an engineer at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base; interest in science from reading science fiction; built his own telescope while in junior high school; very little discrimination in elementary or junior high school even though he was one of few African Americans; moved to Chicago for high school; access to Adler Planetarium and built more telescopes; read about rocket launches and Herb Frieman; read The Viking Rocket Story by Milton Rosen; undergraduate University of Illinois 1957-61; Ph.D. University of Illinois 1964; "An Experimental Investigation on Atomic Nitrogen Recombination;" while in graduate school spent a summer at AerJet in California; exposure to engineers and "big science;" post-doctorate at E. O. Hurlburt Center for Space Research at Naval Research Laboratory (NRL), in unit headed by Talbot Chubb; dichotomy between scientists and engineers; little discrimination; small science vs. big science; molecular hydrogen; concern with science education and Project SMART; cameras and sensors on rockets; spectrography; electronographic technology; joint proposal with Thorton Page; hired permanently at NRL; charge-coupled device (CCD) technology; Apollo 16; geocorona camera.
George Carruthers (1939- ), African American physicist and space scientist. Ph.D., aeronautical and astronomical engineering (University of Illinois, 1964). United States Naval Research Laboratory, research in far ultraviolet astronomy.
Carruthers, George R.
Chubb, Talbot A. (Talbot Albert)
Frieman, E. A.
Page, Thornton.
Rosen, Milton W. (Milton William)
Adler Planetarium and Astronomical Museum.
Apollo 16 (Spacecraft)
Naval Research Laboratory (U.S.)
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
African American physicists
Astronomical photography.
Cameras -- Design and construction.
CCD cameras
Minorities in science.
Physics -- Education.
Science fiction
Interviews. aat
Oral histories. aat
Transcripts. aat
DeVorkin, David H., 1944-, interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA