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Roberts, Walter Orr
Oral history interview with Walter Orr Roberts, 1983 July 26, 27, and 28.
This interview reviews in detail Roberts' childhood experiences before addressing his work on the solar corona; solar spicules and prominences; the orgins of geomagnetic disturbances; and the influence of variable solar activity on the earth's ionosphere and weather. Roberts also discusses his graduate education under Donald Menzel at Harvard, his varied career as a researcher and administrator, and his participation in the establishment of the Climax, Colorado solar coronagraph station of Harvard College. Other topics and affliliations discussed include: his work as Director of the High Altitude Observatory (1946-1961); his tenure as Director of the National Center for Atmospheric Research (1960-1968); communist investigations among scientists; the observatory at Sacramento Peak; rocketry research; and his relationship with Harlow Shapley.
Walter Orr Roberts (b.1915-d.1990), physicist. Education: Amherst College, A.B., 1938; Harvard, A.M., 1940, Ph.D. (astrophysics), 1943. Professional experience: Researcher, Eastman Kodak (1938-39); Harvard University, observer, 1942-146); High Altitude Observatory, University of Colorado, Director (1946-61); NCAR, Directory (1961-68). Research interests: Solar astronomy, geophysics, solar weather research, coronographs, photography in science.
Menzel, Donald H. (Donald Howard), 1901-1976
Roberts, Walter Orr
Shapley, Harlow, 1885-1972.
Amherst College.
Harvard University.
National Center for Atmospheric Research (U.S.) -- Administration.
Sacramento Peak Observatory
University of Colorado. High Altitude Observatory.
University of Colorado Boulder
Astrophysics -- History.
Atmosphere -- Research.
Communism and science.
Rocketry -- Research.
Solar activity.
Solar flares
Spectrum analysis.
Oral histories. aat
Interviews. aat
Transcripts. aat
DeVorkin, David H., 1944- interviewer.
American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives. One Physics Ellipse, College Park, MD 20740, USA