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The World of Andrei Sakharov, by Gennady Gorelik 




Gennady Gorelik with Antonina W. Bouis.
The World of Andrei Sakharov: A Russian Physicist’s Path to
New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

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This exhibit is 
brought to you by the
Center for History of Physics 
Center for History of Physics
a division of the 
American Institute of Physics

American Institute of Physics 

Author: Gennady Gorelik
Spencer R. Weart
Alexei B. Kojevnikov
Web Design: David Boguslavsky,  
SloanTech, Inc.
Photo Research: Jack Scott
We are also very grateful to: R. Joseph Anderson, 
Boris Bolotovsky, 
Elena Bonner, 
Edward Kline, and 
Martin Sherwin

Design Notes: The typeface used throughout this exhibit is Times New Roman, with Arial for quotes. Busorama (a freeware font) is used for the headings, and Bauhaus for the Homepage navigation.

Photo Credits: Unless noted below, the photographs used on this site were kindly provided by the Andrei Sakharov Archives at Brandeis University, Elena Bonner, Gennady Gorelik or AIP Emilio Segrè Visual Archives 

    Igor Tamm, Sakharov’s 1949 apartment, and the memo by Zeldovich and Sakharov are reproduced from B.L. Altshuler et al., eds. On mezhdu nami zhil. Vospominaniya o Sakharove. Moscow: Praktika, 1996.

    The cosmological bet was reproduced from Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov. Fragmenty Biografi. Moscow, 1991.

    The photo of Sakharov’s house at the "Installation" is by Igor Drovenikov.

    The Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty image is a Department of State photograph.

    The Tsar Bomb photo and the photo on Nuclear bombs and missile warheads from the Russian Atomic Weapon Museum at Sarov came from the Web site "Soviet and Russian Nuclear Weapons and History" at http://nuclearweaponarchive.org/Russia/.

    Sakharov’s paper on the asymmetry of matter is courtesy E.L. Feinberg.

    Sakharov’s note giving Agrest the address of his Moscow apartment is courtesy M.M. Agrest.

    The Sakharov newspaper article and headlines are copright 1968 by The New York Times Company. Reprinted by permission.

    The pamphlet Andrei Sakharov in Exile was published by the International League for Human Rights.

    The photo of Sakharov’s funeral is courtesy the Sakharov Museum and Public Center, Moscow.

    The portrait on the last page of the exhibit is by Yousuf Karsh. (© Yousuf Karsh / Retna Ltd.).

Publication in Russian: "Andrei Sakharov: Science and Freedom" (2000). See also web-presentation.

Tsar Bomb and Soviet bomb test photos from the Nuclear Weapon Archive.

Material on this site is copyright © 1998-2005  
American Institute of Physics and Gennady Gorelik 

We welcome your comments

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© 1998 - American Institute of Physics and Gennady Gorelik