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Allan A. Needell research records, 1944-1988

Description of Collection

Repository

American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives.

Papers created by

Needell, Allan A.

Size of collection

3 linear feet
3 records boxes

Short description of collection

Research records collected by historian Allan A. Needell, likely from his time as the Associate Historian at the American Institute of Physics, Center for History of Physics.

Language(s) of collection

English

Collection number:

AR20151860

Biographical Note

Dr. Allan A. Needell earned a BA in physics from Cornell University and a PhD in the history of science from Yale University.

From 1978-81 he served as associate historian at the Center for History of Physics at the American Institute of Physics, where he had responsibility for a federally funded project to investigate and recommend ways of identifying and preserving documents relating to the U.S. Department of Energy's research laboratories.

Dr. Needell joined the Museum in 1981. He is responsible for its Apollo artifacts collection, and has recently completed a multiyear effort to preserve the only Saturn V launch vehicle made of flight-qualified components.

From 1999 to 2002, Dr. Needell served as chairman of the Space History Division. During that period he published Science, Cold War and the American State: Lloyd V Berkner and the Balance of Professional Ideals (Routledge, 2000), and wrote articles on the history of physics, the origins of U.S. national laboratories, and government-science relations.

In addition, he has edited a collection of essays, The First 25 Years in Space: A Symposium (Smithsonian Institution, 1983; paperback, 1989) and is currently working on a book devoted the political and philosophical beliefs of the leaders of the Apollo program.

Biography from Allan Needell's biography page at the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum: https://airandspace.si.edu/staff/allan-needell

Scope and Contents of Collection

Research records collected by Allan A. Needell, likely from his time as the Associate Historian at the American Institute of Physics, Center for History of Physics. The records cover his work at the national laboratories (Argonne National Laboratory, Associated Universities, Inc., Brookhaven National Laboratory, Department of Energy, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory, and Zero Gradient Synchrotron) and some of the people and subjects his interviews and research covered (Joan Bromberg, G. Kenneth Green, Arthur Snell, G. Vineyard, W. W. Watson, Spencer Weart, Alvin M. Weinberg, Bruce R. Wheaton, Eugene P. Wigner, D. F. Wood, Norm Hilberry, Milt Levenson, Walter Zinn, A. Zucker, Nicholas C. Christofilos, Meyer H. Fishbein, Joe Frino, Gertrude Goldhaber, Richard G. Hewlett, J. B. H. Kuper, Alexander Langsdorf,hydrogen bombs, nuclear and high energy density physics).

Restrictions on Use and Access

https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/access-application.

Selected Search Terms

These papers have been indexed in the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences (ICOS) using the following terms. Those seeking related materials should search under these terms.

Persons

Bromberg, Joan Lisa.
Fishbein, Meyer H. (Meyer Harry)
Goldhaber, Gertrude Scharff, 1911-1998
Green, George Kenneth
Hewlett, Richard G.
Hilberry, Norman, 1899-
Kuper, J. B. H.
Langsdorf, Alexander, 1912-
Needell, Allan A.
Snell, Arthur H.
Vineyard, G. H.
Watson, William W. (William Weldon), 1899-
Weart, Spencer R., 1942-
Weinberg, Alvin Martin, 1915-2006-
Wheaton, Bruce R.
Wigner, Eugene Paul, 1902-
Zinn, Walter H. (Walter Henry), 1906-2000
Zucker, Alexander

Institutions

Argonne National Laboratory
Associated Universities, Inc.
Brookhaven National Laboratory.
Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
United States. Department of Energy.

Subject terms

Hydrogen bomb
Nuclear physics
Particles (Nuclear physics)
Physics -- Laboratories
Zero gradient synchrotrons

Organization and Arrangement of Collection

Collection is arranged into three series:

  • Series I. National laboratory files
  • Series II. Person and subject files
  • Series III. Project administrative files

The folders within each series are in alphabetical order.

Provenance and Acquisition Information

Gift of Allan Needell, 2015. Addition from Allan Needell, 2018.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Amanda Nelson in 2015.

Preferred Citation of Collection

Box [number], Folder [number], Allan A. Needell research records, 1944-1988. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library & Archives, College Park, MD 20740, USA.

Administrative Information

Title

Finding Aid to the Allan A. Needell research records, 1944-1988

Publisher

American Institute of Physics Niels Bohr Library & Archives

One Physics Ellipse
College Park, MD 20740
USA
nbl@aip.org

2015

Encoding Information

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Amanda Nelson in 2015. Any revisions made to this finding aid occurred as part of the editing and encoding process.

Series I: National laboratory files

Box 1 Folder 1 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - American Institute of Physics (AIP) correspondence, 1979
Folder 2 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Archivist/Records Manager position, 1979
Folder 3 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - backlog collections, undated
Folder 4 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - history of Argonne physics division, undated
Folder 5 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - history project, 1980
Folder 6 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - interview, artifacts, memorabilia, 1979
Folder 7 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - interviews, 1979
Folder 8 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - laboratory director's office files, undated
Folder 9 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - letter from Gordon Goodman to Senator John Pastore re: the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and ANL, undated
Folder 10 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Manhattan Project files, undated
Folder 11 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Metallurgical Project organizational chart, undated
Folder 12 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - miscellaneous correspondence, 1980
Folder 13 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - organization, undated
Folder 14 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Physics Division files, undated
Folder 15 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Physics Division - history document copies, undated
Folder 16 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - preservation of documents report, 1980
Folder 17 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - records management, undated
Folder 18 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - seminar presentation, undated
Folder 19 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - users of documents and research for others, 1979
Folder 20 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) file inventories, undated
Folder 21 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) history essay, undated
Folder 22 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) symposium, 1979
Folder 23 Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) - Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) user groups, undated
Folder 24 Associated Universities, Inc. - miscellaneous files (1 of 4), undated
Folder 25 Associated Universities, Inc. - miscellaneous files (2 of 4), undated
Folder 26 Associated Universities, Inc. - miscellaneous files (3 of 4), undated
Folder 27 Associated Universities, Inc. - miscellaneous files (4 of 4), undated
Folder 28 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - acronyms and abbreviations, undated
Folder 29 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI) office building - file inventory, undated
Folder 30 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - "Atoms for research nuclear reactors" paper drafts and feedback, 1983
Folder 31 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - "Atoms for research nuclear reactors" presentation at American Physical Society (APS) meeting, undated
Folder 32 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (BGRR) and the BNL Cosmotron, undated
Folder 33 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor (BGRR) documents and articles, undated
Folder 34 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - consulting contract, undated
Folder 35 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - Federal Records Center - accession number lists, 1980
Folder 36 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - finding aid (annotated) and related papers, undated
Folder 37 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - folder listing (1 of 4), undated
Folder 38 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - folder listing (2 of 4), undated
Box 2 Folder 1 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - folder listing (3 of 4), undated
Folder 2 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - folder listing (4 of 4), undated
Folder 3 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - hierarchical study, undated
Folder 4 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - History Committee, 1980-1981
Folder 5 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - interviews, undated
Folder 6 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - lectures, undated
Folder 7 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - notebook inventories, 1975
Folder 8 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - organizational charts, undated
Folder 9 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - photographs and slides, undated
Folder 10 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - publicity, undated
Folder 11 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - reactors, undated
Folder 12 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - records in non-science divisions, undated
Folder 13 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - Records Management - official correspondence, undated
Folder 14 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - research program probe, undated
Folder 15 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - sources for the history of physics, undated
Folder 16 Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) - Visiting Committees - membership lists, undated
Folder 17 Department of Energy (DOE) - headquarters records, undated
Folder 18 Department of Energy (DOE) - laboratories - records requests, undated
Folder 19 Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) - history, 1979
Folder 20 Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) - preservation of documents report, 1980
Folder 21 Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory (LBL) - proposal for an archival program, 1979
Folder 22 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - budget information, undated
Folder 23 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - central files, undated
Folder 24 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Director's office file, undated
Folder 25 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Division Director's files, undated
Folder 26 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - early history notes, undated
Folder 27 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Health and Safety Division, undated
Folder 28 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - initialisms and acronyms, undated
Folder 29 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - One Atom Detection project file, undated
Folder 30 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - organization charts, undated
Folder 31 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Philip S. Baker correspondence, undated
Folder 32 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - photographs and drawings, undated
Folder 33 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Physical Research - annual reports/notes, undated
Folder 34 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Physics Division, undated
Folder 35 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - preservation of documents report, 1979
Folder 36 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - proposal for a high-intensity short-burst electron linear accelerator, undated
Folder 37 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - publications, undated
Folder 38 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - questionnaire, undated
Folder 39 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - Records Management, undated
Box 3 Folder 40 Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - technical notebooks, undated
Folder 1 Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) - document copies (1 of 2), undated
Folder 2 Zero Gradient Synchrotron (ZGS) - document copies (2 of 2), undated

Series II: Person and subject files

Folder 3 Joan Bromberg, undated
Folder 4 Nicholas C. Christofilos, undated
Folder 5 Meyer H. Fishbein, undated
Folder 6 Joe Frino, 1977
Folder 7 "From Military Research to Big Science: Lloyd Berkner and Science-Statesmanship in the Postwar Era" in Big Science: The Growth of Large-Scale Research, 1989
Folder 8 Gertrude Goldhaber, undated
Folder 9 G. Kenneth Green, undated
Folder 10 Richard G. Hewlett, undated
Folder 11 Roger H. Hildebrand, undated
Folder 12 Hydrogen bomb - secrecy, undated
Folder 13 J. B. H. Kuper, 1977
Folder 14 Alexander Langsdorf, 1979
Folder 15 Miscellaneous document copies re: nuclear and high energy density (HED) physics at national laboratories, undated
Folder 16 Scientific American articles and notes, undated
Folder 17 Arthur H. Snell, undated
Folder 18 G. Vineyard - project recommendations, undated
Folder 19 W. W. Watson, undated
Folder 20 Spencer Weart, undated
Folder 21 Alvin M. Weinberg, undated
Folder 22 Bruce R. Wheaton, undated
Folder 23 Eugene P. Wigner, undated
Folder 24 D. F. Wood interviews - Norm Hilberry, undated
Folder 25 D. F. Wood interviews - Milt Levenson, undated
Folder 26 D. F. Wood interviews - Walter Zinn, undated
Folder 27 A. Zucker - Associate Director, undated

Series III: Project administrative files

Box 3 Folder 28 American Institute of Physics (AIP) - correspondence and papers, undated
Folder 29 Chapter II: The Wartime Origins of the National Laboratories, undated
Folder 30 Final project report and recommendations to the Department of Energy (DOE), undated
Folder 31 Final Report - "A study of preservation of documents at Department of Energy national laboratories", 1982
Folder 32 Other history documentation projects, undated
Folder 33 "The Preservation of Historical Records of Scientific Research under the Federal Government" - report, 1979
Folder 34 Workshop on the History of Postwar Big Science, 1988