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Andrew Gemant papers, 1845-1983

Description of Collection

Repository

American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives.

Papers created by

Gemant, Andrew,

Size of collection

9 linear feet
9 records box(s)

Short description of collection

This collection primarily contains manuscripts and reprints of Andrew Gemant's novels, poems, and short stories. Also included are essays, drawings, diaries, and miniature literature of classics dating from the nineteenth century. His career as a physicist and biochemist is documented through reprints of journal articles, correspondence, and research notes.

Language(s) of collection

English

German

Hungarian

French

Collection number:

AR254

Biographical Note

Andrew Gemant was born in Nagyvarad, Hungary on July 27, 1895. He served in the Austro-Hungarian army as a medical student during the First World War and received his M.D. from the University of Budapest in 1919. During 1920-1922 he attended the University of Berlin and worked in the laboratories of Leonor Michaelis and Herbert Freundlich. He received his Ph.D. in physics in 1922. From 1923-1924 Gemant was a research physicist at Radiologie Inc, an X-ray tube manufacturer in Berlin. From 1925-1931 he was a research physicist at Siemens-Schuckert Cable Company. He held a privat-docent position at the Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin) from 1929-1933, and from 1932-1933 he was a researcher at the Heinrich Hertz Institute (HHI) for Research on Oscillations. In 1933 Gemant was dismissed from his research and teaching positions by the National Socialist (Nazi) government. He and his wife Susi (Sophia Ida Marie), whom he had recently married, subsequently left Germany for England, and from 1934-1937 Gemant was a research associate in the Engineering Laboratory of Oxford University. The Gemants then moved to the United States, where from 1938-1939 he was a research associate in the Electrical Engineering Department at the University of Wisconsin. From 1940-1960 Gemant was a staff physicist at the Detroit Edison Company. He subsequently held positions as a research associate at Grace Hospital in Detroit, Michigan from 1961-1971 and in Wayne State University's Department of Biochemistry from 1972-1983. He died in February 1983 at the age of 87.

Andrew Gemant performed research in the areas of: X-ray fluorescence; pH of aqueous solutions; high voltage physics; dielectrics; colloids; acoustics; viscosity and internal friction of solids; electrets; electrochemistry of oils; radioactive tracers in solutions; high voltage cables; oxidative and photochemical ions in hydrocarbons; ion-exchange resins in hydrocarbons; solubilization of cholesterol; carcinogenesis; enzymic oxidative degradation of protein in senescence; and the reduction by chemical means of the reactivity of DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) toward hydrogen peroxide in order to mitigate symptoms of aging.

Scope and Contents of Collection

The papers of Andrew Gemant are primarily personal in nature and document his artistic endeavors, which include writing novels, poems, short stories, and essays and drawing. His papers also include diaries from his childhood in Hungary and his early years in Germany. Gemants professional career in physics is documented through reprints of his journal articles from the 1920s to the 1960s, professional references and correspondence, and some patents from the 1920s and 1930s, while research notes and journal articles document his work in biochemistry from the 1960s to 1982.

Series I contains Gemant's professional correspondence, patents, book reviews, biochemistry research notes, and reprints of articles from physics and medical journals. The bulk of the professional correspondence dating from the 1920s and 1930s pertain to his research and teaching positions in Berlin, his dismissal from the Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin) by the National Socialist (Nazi) government, and his subsequent moves to Oxford, England and the United States. His professional correspondence from the 1950s to the 1980s mostly concern his published books and journal articles. Gemant's research notes and drafts of articles for professional journals were produced during his time as a research associate in biochemistry at Wayne State University.

In Series II are Gemant's diaries, which highlight his childhood in Hungary and include anecdotes from his college days and early teaching career. Other personal documents include his high school and university diplomas and biographical news clippings from the 1960s and 1970s. Photographs include portraits of Gemant and his family in Hungary (1898-1910s), group portraits of Gemant with colleagues at Detroit Edison Company (circa 1940s), and portraits of Gemant at work and at home with his wife Susi (1940s-1960s).

The largest series, Series III, contains manuscripts and reprints of Gemant's published and unpublished novels, poems, short stories, and essays, which constitute the sixteen volumes of his Belletristic Work. Also included are copyright registrations and correspondence concerning the donations of his works to various institutions. His drawings are original pencil sketches and pastels of outdoor scenes, still lifes, and illustrations of his fiction. The folder "Stories in German" (Box 2 Folder 18) also includes photographs of Gemant and colleagues at Oxford University, the Detroit Edison Company, and a conference on electrical innovation (1930s-1940s) and a candid photograph of Gemant and his wife Susi in Oxford, England in 1934.

Series IV contains a scale chart and miniature literature of classics dating from the nineteenth century.

Restrictions on Use and Access

Researchers must have an approved access application on file in order to access archival materials. https://www.aip.org/history-programs/niels-bohr-library/access-application.

Selected Search Terms

These papers have been indexed in the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences (ICOS) using the following terms. Those seeking related materials should search under these terms.

Persons

Freundlich, Herbert, 1880-1941.
Haber, Fritz, 1868-1934.
Lindemann, Frederick Alexander, Viscount Cherwell, 1886-1957.
Michaelis, Leonor, 1875-1949.
Nernst, Walther, 1964-1941.
Orlich, Ernst Max, 1868-1935.
Southwell, Richard Vynne, 1888-1970.
Wagner, Karl Willy, 1883-1953.

Institutions

Detroit Edison Company.
Grace Hospital.
Heinrich-Hertz Institute Laboratory.
Siemens-Schuckert Cable Co.
Technische Universität Berlin.
University of Oxford.
University of Wisconsin.
Wayne State University.
Wayne State University. Dept. of Biochemistry.

Subject terms

Aging.
Biochemistry.
Colloids.
DNA.
Deoxyribonucleic acid.
Dielectrics.
Electrets.
Electro-acoustics.
Electrochemistry.
High voltages.
Hydrocarbons.
Internal friction.
Physics Research Germany.
Physics Research United States.
Solvents.
Viscosity.

Genre terms

Diaries.
Drawings.
Essays.
Literature.
Novels.
Photographs.
Poems.
Reprints.
Sketches.
Stories.

Organization and Arrangement of Collection

The collection is arranged into four series according to the subject matter of the material:

  • Series I: Professional material
  • Series II: Biographical material
  • Series III: Writings and drawings
  • Series IV: Literature

Folders are arranged within each series chronologically, with the exception of Series IV: Literature, which is alphabetically by author, where possible.

Provenance and Acquisition Information

The collection was a gift of Andrew Gemant in 1983.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Nichole Rosamilia in 2011.

Photographs were removed from the collection and placed in the Emilio Segr Visual Archives. Photocopies of the photographs remain with the collection.

Preferred Citation of Collection

Box [number], Folder [number], Andrew Gemant papers, American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library & Archives, College Park, MD 20740, USA.

Administrative Information

Title

Finding Aid to the Andrew Gemant papers, 1845-1983

Publisher

American Institute of Physics Niels Bohr Library & Archives.

One Physics Ellipse
College Park, MD 20740
USA
nbl@aip.org

2011

Encoding Information

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Nichole Rosamilia in 2011. Any revisions made to this finding aid occurred as part of the editing and encoding process.

Series I: Professional material, 1920-circa 1982

This series contains four subseries: A. Correspondence; B. Patents, book reviews, and acoustics research; C. Research notes and journal articles; and D. Reprints.

Subseries A: Correspondence, 1920-1982

Box 1 Folder 1 Research positions, 1920-1937
Folder 2 Privat docent position at Technical University of Berlin, 1926-1933
Folder 3 Consultant work on electrets, 1962-1963
Folder 4 Frictional Phenomena, 1946
Folder 5 Liquid Dielectrics, 1959-1960
Folder 6 The Nature of the Genius, 1960-1962
Folder 7 Ions in Hydrocarbons, 1961-1963
Folder 8 Technical, 1955-1982

Subseries B: Patents, book reviews, and acoustics research, 1926-circa 1979

Box 1 Folder 9 Reviews of Grundzge der Kolloidphysik, 1926-1928
Folder 10 Old patents, 1922-1934
Folder 11 Analysis of melodies, 1967
Folder 12 Journal information, circa 1979

Subseries C: Research notes and journal articles, 1974-circa 1982

Box 1 Folder 13 Peroxidase inhibition by ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA) and pentanedione, 1974-1977
Folder 14 Polyphenol oxidase (PPO) study, 1976-1977
Folder 15 Iron hydroxide paper, 1977-1978
Folder 16 Inhibitors, pharmaceuticals, circa 1978
Folder 17 Histone oxidation interaction with deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), circa 1979
Folder 18 Complex between biopolymer glycogen and histone, circa 1979
Folder 19 Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) peroxidase (PO) - data for paper with tables, circa 1980
Folder 20 Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) peroxidase (PO) - additional material, circa 1980
Folder 21 Inhibitors of histone oxidation as drugs, circa 1980
Folder 22 Alteration of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) by hydrogen peroxide, circa 1981
Folder 23 Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) - hydrogen peroxide inhibitors, circa 1982
Folder 24 Inhibitors of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) damage by hydrogen peroxide, circa 1982

Subseries D: Reprints, 1920-1981

Box 1 Folder 25 Reprints of scientific papers, 1920-1926
Folder 26 Reprints of scientific papers, 1927-1930
Folder 27 Reprints of scientific papers, 1931-1935
Folder 28 Reprints of scientific papers, 1936-1940
Folder 29 Reprints of scientific papers, 1941-1948
Folder 30 Reprints of scientific papers, 1948-1960
Folder 31 Reprints of scientific papers, 1962-1969
Box 2 Folder 1 Reprints of scientific papers, 1970-1974
Folder 2 Reprints of scientific papers, 1975-1981

Series II: Biographical material, 1898-1975

This series contains two subseries: A. Diaries and B. Personal documents.

Subseries A: Diaries, 1903-1937

Box 2 Folder 3 Napló III, 1903
Folder 4 Munkái, circa 1903
Folder 5 Napló IV, 1904-1912
Folder 6 Naplóm VIII, circa 1912
Folder 7 Flörtjeim, 1914-1918
Folder 8 Heringsdorfer erlebnisse, 1927
Folder 9 Heringsdorf, 1928
Folder 10 Köln, 1929
Folder 11 Addresses, circa 1930
Folder 12 Jokes, 1937

Subseries B: Personal documents, 1898-1975

Box 2 Folder 13 Diplomas, 1913-1922
Folder 14 Berlin, ich vergesse dich nicht! and correspondence, circa 1965
Folder 15 Biographical material, 1898-1975

Series III: Writings and drawings, 1920-1983

This series contains nine subseries: A. Drafts of stories; B. Drafts of poems; C. Poems; D. Stories; E. Novels; F. Reprints; G. Copyright registrations and correspondence; H. Essay; I. Drawings.

Subseries A: Drafts of stories, 1920-1980

Box 2 Folder 16 Vicctár, circa 1920
Folder 17 Zeit um berdimunt, 1920
Folder 18 Stories in German, 1922-1928
Folder 19 Wierbelen, 1926
Folder 20 Stories in German, circa 1930-1935
Folder 21 Ein Fragment, 1930
Folder 22 Die läuterung der D,uehtor Lūschen, 1931
Folder 23 Pfingsten im Zeichen der Sports, 1932
Folder 24 Niemand weiss warum, 1934
Folder 25 Snapshots from a trip to Cheltenham, 1934-1935
Folder 26 Peter und die wahre Liebe, 1935
Folder 27 Vorricht! Zerbrechlich!, 1936
Folder 28 Die Wippe, 1936
Folder 29 Der gewisse Schusterleisten, 1937
Folder 30 Der gewisse Schusterleisten (Fortsetzung), 1937
Folder 31 Essays, circa 1937-1941
Folder 32 Stories, 1937-1941
Folder 33 The Green Shirt, 1938
Folder 34 Sell, Sell & Co, 1940
Folder 35 The Violin Concerto, 1942
Box 3 Folder 1 Draft of stories (1 of 3), 1980
Folder 2 Draft of stories (2 of 3), 1980
Folder 3 Draft of stories (3 of 3), 1980

Subseries B: Drafts of poems, 1922-1962

Box 3 Folder 4 Gedichte, 1922-1938
Folder 5 Poems, 1938-1943
Folder 6 Poems, 1944-1950
Folder 7 Poems, 1950-1955
Folder 8 Poems, 1955-1957
Folder 9 Poems, 1958-1962
Folder 10 Poems, 1962

Subseries C: Poems, 1922-1982

Box 3 Folder 11 Poems in German, 1922-1974
Folder 12 Poems, 1941-1958
Folder 13 Poems, 1959-1969
Folder 14 Seven Years, volume 1 of the Belletristic Work (1 of 2), 1977
Folder 15 Seven Years, volume 1 of the Belletristic Work (2 of 2), 1977
Folder 16 Part II: Alone (1 of 2), 1982
Folder 17 Part II: Alone (2 of 2), 1982
Folder 18 In Love, volume 13 of the Belletristic Work (1 of 3), 1982
Folder 19 In Love, volume 13 of the Belletristic Work (2 of 3), 1982
Folder 20 In Love, volume 13 of the Belletristic Work (3 of 3), 1982
Folder 21 Together and Alone, volume 14 of the Belletristic Work (1 of 3), 1982
Folder 22 Together and Alone, volume 14 of the Belletristic Work (2 of 3), 1982
Folder 23 Together and Alone, volume 14 of the Belletristic Work (3 of 3), 1982

Subseries D: Stories, 1937-1982

Box 3 Folder 24 A Scientist Relaxes (1 of 2), 1937-1953
Box 4 Folder 1 A Scientist Relaxes (2 of 2), 1937-1953
Folder 2 American Flashlights (1 of 2), 1940-1942
Folder 3 American Flashlights (2 of 2), 1940-1942
Folder 4 A Scientist Insists (1 of 2), 1953-1961
Folder 5 A Scientist Insists (2 of 2), 1953-1961
Folder 6 A Satirical Biochemist (1 of 2), 1962-1966
Folder 7 A Satirical Biochemist (2 of 2), 1962-1966
Folder 8 In the Eighth Decade (1 of 2), 1966-1968
Folder 9 In the Eighth Decade (2 of 2), 1966-1968
Folder 10 In Troubled Times (1 of 2), 1969-1972
Folder 11 In Troubled Times (2 of 2), 1969-1972
Folder 12 Quo Usque Tandem? (1 of 2), 1973-1976
Folder 13 Quo Usque Tandem? (2 of 2), 1973-1976
Folder 14 Non Di Mai, È Finito (1 of 2), 1976-1978
Folder 15 Non Di Mai, È Finito (2 of 2), 1976-1978
Folder 16 Stories (1 of 2), 1979-1980
Box 5 Folder 1 Stories (2 of 2), 1979-1980
Folder 2 Stories (1 of 2), 1980-1982
Folder 3 Stories (2 of 2), 1980-1982
Folder 4 Stories, 1982

Subseries E: Novels, 1947-1983

Box 5 Folder 5 Sigismund Grable, 1947
Folder 6 Man and Star (1 of 2), 1949
Folder 7 Man and Star (2 of 2), 1949
Folder 8 Eric Thorndike's Invention (1 of 2), 1952
Folder 9 Eric Thorndike's Invention (2 of 2), 1952
Folder 10 The Water Lily Pond (1 of 2), 1954
Folder 11 The Water Lily Pond (2 of 2), 1954
Folder 12 The Sirens' Call (1 of 2), 1956
Folder 13 The Sirens' Call (2 of 2), 1956
Folder 14 The Shift (1 of 2), 1965
Folder 15 The Shift (2 of 2), 1965
Folder 16 The Hermit (1 of 2), 1968
Folder 17 The Hermit (2 of 2), 1968
Folder 18 The Fork at Wellesley Square (1 of 2), 1970
Folder 19 The Fork at Wellesley Square (2 of 2), 1970
Folder 20 Man and Star, volume 12 of the Belletristic Work (1 of 2), 1981
Folder 21 Man and Star, volume 12 of the Belletristic Work (2 of 2), 1981
Folder 22 The Masterpiece, volume 16 of the Belletristic Work (1 of 3), 1983
Box 6 Folder 1 The Masterpiece, volume 16 of the Belletristic Work (2 of 3), 1983
Folder 2 The Masterpiece, volume 16 of the Belletristic Work (3 of 3), 1983

Subseries F: Reprints, 1979-1982

Box 6 Folder 3 Autumnal Knight, volume 5 of the Belletristic Work, 1979
Folder 4 The Shift, volume 6 of the Belletristic Work, 1979
Folder 5 The Hermit, volume 7 of the Belletristic Work, 1980
Folder 6 The Fork, volume 8 of the Belletristic Work, 1980
Folder 7 Call of the Sirens, volume 9 of the Belletristic Work (copy 1), 1980
Folder 8 Call of the Sirens, volume 9 of the Belletristic Work (copy 2), 1980
Folder 9 Water Lily Pond, volume 10 of the Belletristic Work, 1981
Folder 10 Eric Thorndike's Invention, volume 11 of the Belletristic Work, 1981
Folder 11 Man and Star, volume 12 of the Belletristic Work (copy 1), 1981
Folder 12 Man and Star, volume 12 of the Belletristic Work (copy 2), 1981
Folder 13 In Love, volume 13 of the Belletristic Work, 1982
Box 7 Folder 1 Together and Alone, volume 14 of the Belletristic Work, 1982
Folder 2 Snow in the Night, volume 15 of the Belletristic Work, 1982

Subseries G: Copyright registrations and correspondence, 1975-1982

Box 7 Folder 3 Printer invoices, 1975-1978
Folder 4 Belletristic Work volumes 1-10, 1977-1981
Folder 5 Eric Thorndike's Invention, volume 11 of the Belletristic Work, circa 1981
Folder 6 Man and Star, volume 12 of the Belletristic Work, circa 1981
Folder 7 In Love, volume 13 of the Belletristic Work, circa 1982
Folder 8 Together and Alone, volume 14 of the Belletristic Work, circa 1982
Folder 9 Snow in the Night, volume 15 of the Belletristic Work, circa 1982
Folder 10 The Masterpiece, volume 16 of the Belletristic Work, circa 1983
Folder 11 List of my Belletristic Works, circa 1940-1982

Subseries H: Essays, 1963-1968

Box 7 Folder 12 Artistic Aspects of Philosophy (1 of 2), 1963, 1968
Folder 13 Artistic Aspects of Philosophy (2 of 2), 1963, 1968

Subseries I: Drawings, 1948-1982

Box 7 Folder 14 Drawings #1, 1948-1950
Folder 15 Drawings #2, 1950-1954
Folder 16 Drawings #3, 1954-1957
Folder 17 Drawings #4: Twenty-four sketches to the novel, The Sirens' Call, 1956-1957
Folder 18 Drawings #5, 1954-1959
Folder 19 Drawings #6, 1954-1961
Folder 20 Drawings #7, 1960-1964
Folder 21 Drawings #8, 1964-1968
Folder 22 Drawings #9: An irreverent gallery of famous women, 1968-1970
Folder 23 Drawings #10: Illustrations to my poems, "Pencil Drawings", 1971-1972
Folder 24 Drawings #11: A male chauvinist pig, 1972-1973
Folder 25 Drawings #12: Love, 1974-1975
Folder 26 Drawings #13: Illustrations to Zola's Nana, 1975-1976
Folder 27 Drawings #14: Illustrations to stories, 1977-1978
Folder 28 Drawings #15: Illustrations to stories, 1979-1982

Series IV: Literature, 1845-1932

Box 8 Folder 1 Dur scalen-automat, 1907
Folder 2 Bell, Clive. Since Cezanne, 1929
Folder 3 Byron, George Gordon. Poems of Lord Byron, volume 1, 1882
Folder 4 Byron, George Gordon. Poems of Lord Byron, volume 2, 1882
Folder 5 Dickens, Charles. The Chimes: A Goblin Story, 1845
Folder 6 von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. Faust, volume 1, circa 1880
Folder 7 von Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. Faust, volume 2, circa 1880
Folder 8 Joyce, James. Ulysses, volume 1, 1932
Folder 9 Joyce, James. Ulysses, volume 2, 1932
Folder 10 Kipling, Rudyard. The Man Who Was, circa 1920
Folder 11 Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. Poems of Longfellow, volume 1, 1880
Folder 12 Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth. Poems of Longfellow, volume 2, 1880
Folder 13 Milton, John. The Poetical Works of John Milton, volume 1, 1880
Folder 14 Milton, John. The Poetical Works of John Milton, volume 2, 1880
Folder 15 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 1, 1880
Folder 16 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 2, 1880
Folder 17 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 3, circa 1880
Folder 18 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 4, circa 1880
Folder 19 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 5, circa 1880
Box 9 Folder 1 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 6, circa 1880
Folder 2 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 7, circa 1880
Folder 3 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 8, circa 1880
Folder 4 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 9, circa 1880
Folder 5 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 10, circa 1880
Folder 6 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 11, circa 1880
Folder 7 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 12, circa 1880
Folder 8 Shakespeare, William. The Handy-Volume Shakespeare, volume 13, circa 1880
Folder 9 Wordsworth, William. Poems of Wordsworth, volume 1, circa 1880
Folder 10 Wordsworth, William. Poems of Wordsworth, volume 2, circa 1880