Menu ☰

Back to Top

Finding Aids

Detailed inventories of archives collections in the history of physics from over 200 institutions worldwide.

Tip: Search within this page by using Ctrl + F or ⌘ + F

Search Our Catalogs

Archives Books


Emilio Segré Visual Archives Digital Collections Oral Histories Archival Finding Aids Physics History Network Member Society Portals Ethical Cataloging Statement

Preservation and Support

Donating Materials Suggest a Book Purchase Saving Archival Collections Grants to Archives Documentation Projects History Newsletters

Center for History of Physics

Scholarship & Outreach

Lawrence Cranberg papers, 1962-2000.

Description of Collection


American Institute of Physics. Niels Bohr Library & Archives.

Papers created by

Cranberg, Lawrence

Size of collection

1.25 linear feet
1 manuscript box

Short description of collection

Collection of correspondence to and from Cranberg, on a variety of topics.

Language(s) of collection


Collection number:


Biographical Note

Lawrence Cranberg, physicist (nuclear physics). Physicist, Signal Corps Engineering Laboratories, 1940-1950 and Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory 1950-1963; professor of physics, University of Virginia, 1963-1971; and vice-president, research and development, Nuclear Applications Division, Accelerators, Inc. 1971-1973; president, TDN Inc., 1974; and president, Texas Fireframe Co., from 1975.

Scope and Contents of Collection

Collection includes several folders of correspondence (bulk dates 1964-1967) between Cranberg and staff members of the American Physical Society (APS) and the American Institute of Physics concerning his objections over revisions made in the APS constitution in 1966 and his own proposals which would have amended the Society's objectives to allow it to become a regulatory organization concerned with the ethical practices of the physics community. Other correspondence topics include Cranberg's publication arrangements, especially for his many letters to the editor of Physics Today; the nomination of Edward G. Pickels for the National Medal of Science based on his contributions to the field of ultracentrifugation and supporting background material (1933-1992); correspondence from Cranberg and A. J. Zink to National Science Foundation concerning Zink's complaints regarding the manufacture of ultracentrifuges by Jesse W. Beams at the University of Virginia in the 1960s; the dismissal of James S. McCarthy from the University of Virginia in 2000; Oppenheimer's management of Los Alamos written in 2000. Also contains materials on Cranberg's "Reaction Study by Time-of-Flight," 1954, which discusses a method of observing and measuring the spectra of neutrons. Correspondents include: Luis W. Alvarez, Robert F. Bacher, Hans Bethe, Felix Bloch, Karl K. Darrow, R. Hobart Ellis, Maurice Goldhaber, Elmer Hutchisson, H. William Koch, Arthur L. Schawlow, Frederick Seitz, and Charles Townes.

Restrictions on Use and Access

Researchers must have an approved access application on file in order to access archival materials.

Selected Search Terms

These papers have been indexed in the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences (ICOS) using the following terms. Those seeking related materials should search under these terms.


Alvarez, Luis W., 1911-
Bacher, Robert F. (Robert Fox), 1905-
Beams, Jesse W. (Jesse Wakefield), 1898-1977.
Bethe, Hans Albrecht, 1906-2005
Bloch, Felix, 1905-
Cranberg, Lawrence, 1917-
Darrow, Karl K. (Karl Kelchner), 1891-
Ellis, R. Hobart.
Goldhaber, Maurice, 1911-
Hutchisson, Elmer, 1902-
Koch, Herman William, 1920-
Oppenheimer, J. Robert, 1904-1967
Pickels, Edward Greydon.
Schawlow, Arthur L., 1921-1999-
Seitz, Frederick, 1911-2008
Townes, Charles H.
Zink, Alexander J.


American Institute of Physics.
American Physical Society.
University of Virginia.

Subject terms

Neutrons. Spectra.
Nuclear physics.
Nuclear spectroscopy.
Physicists. Professional ethics.
Physics. Societies, etc.
Science and ethics.

Organization and Arrangement of Collection

This collection is organized into a single series, and arranged chronologically:

  • Series I: Papers

Provenance and Acquisition Information

Received from Lawrence Cranberg, 1966, 1983, 1992, and 2001.

Processing Information

This collection was processed by Lara D'Agaro in 2007.

Preferred Citation of Collection

Box [number], Folder [number], Lawrence Cranberg papers. American Institute of Physics, Niels Bohr Library & Archives, College Park, MD 20740, USA.

Administrative Information


Finding Aid to the Lawrence Cranberg papers, 1962-2000.


American Institute of Physics Niels Bohr Library & Archives

One Physics Ellipse
College Park, MD 20740


Encoding Information

Machine-readable finding aid encoded by Melanie J. Brown in 2007. Any revisions made to this finding aid occurred as part of the editing and encoding process.

Series I: Papers

Box 1 Folder 1 Correspondence with American Physical Society and American Institute of Physics, 1962-1965
Folder 2 Reaction study by Time-of-Flight , 1966
Folder 3 Correspondence with American Physical Society and American Institute of Physics, 1966-1967
Folder 4 Proposed amendments to American Physical Society constitution, 1966-1967, 1969 and 1981
Folder 5 Correspondence with American Physical Society and American Institute of Physics, 1968-1972, 1975-1976, 1981-1982
Folder 6 Correspondence regarding University of Virginia and Jesse W. Beams, 1991
Folder 7 Nomination of Edward G. Pickels for the National Medal of Science, 1992
Folder 8 Correspondence, 2000