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Mission Engineering Papers, 1962-1980

Description of Collection

Repository

University of Iowa Archives.

Iowa City, IA 52242

Papers created by

University of Iowa. Dept. of Physics and Astronomy.

Size of collection

11 boxes

Short description of collection

These records document James A. Van Allen's mission engineering files related to his Injun, OGO, Explorer, Pioneer, and Hawkeye projects. The materials contain information created and collected by engineers, technicians, and graduate students responsible for building and testing instrumentation. Much of this collection contains highly technical material required in the construction and testing phases of placing scientific payloads into space.

Language(s) of collection

English

History of the University of Iowa Dept. of Physics and Astronomy under James A. Van Allen

Beginning in 1951 and continuing until his retirement in 1985, Van Allen served continuously as a tenured professor and department head except for brief research sabbaticals in 1953 and 1982. In 1953 Van Allen took a year's leave of absence at Princeton University to work on a controlled fusion project, the B-1 Stellarator. Nearly thirty years later (1981), he took a second leave of absence to serve as a Regents Fellow at the Smithsonian Institution, where he wrote the book Origins of Magnetospheric Physics.

Van Allen's return to the University of Iowa began in mid-1950 while working at the Applied Physics Laboratory at Johns Hopkins University. He received a telephone call from Professor Tyndall, his former mentor at Iowa, and was informed that he had been suggested as a possible successor to Dr. Louis Turner to head the University of lowa's Physics Department. Van Allen was selected to head the physics department and become a full tenured professor at the University of Iowa. After finishing his obligations at the APL, he and his family arrived in Iowa City on January 1, 1951.

During his 34-year tenure as department head, Van Allen's responsibilities evolved to include participation in numerous university and department committees, supervision of an expanded administrative and technical staff and faculty, and development of the departmental budget. Dealing with increasingly complicated contracts and administrative procedures and recruiting personnel were in addition to Van Allen's teaching and research duties.

Van Allen's concern for the physics department and the university led him to be an active participant in the efforts to improve and expand the facilities within the physics department and the university. This arduous task resulted in a new Physics Research Center, a radio telescope, an optical observatory, and a particle accelerator for the department. At the university level, Van Allen and Dr. E. F. Lindquist of testing services combined forces to obtain the university's first digital computer in the early 1960s. In later years, Van Allen was also instrumental in the planning and establishment of a campus wide computer center, and he supervised the expansion of the computer facilities within the physics department. Each of these activities is documented within this collection through proposals, correspondence, and reports.

Scope and Contents of Collection

MISSION ENGINEERING PAPERS, Boxes 1-11, contain material created and collected by engineers, technicians, and graduate students responsible for building and testing instrumentation. Much of this collection contains highly technical material required in the construction and testing phases of placing scientific payloads into space. This collection is somewhat limited becausse in some instances a general mission file was established by the project manager who subsumed all material including engineering papers. Consequently such material would be retained in The Project Manager's Mission Papers. Moreover, in many cases, the engineers retained their files after leaving the University of Iowa. These papers are also divided into the same ten subseries as explained in the Project Manager Papers. Missions documented in this collection include Injun II, OGO I, Explorers 33 and 35, Injun V, Pioneers 10 and 11, and the Hawkeye satellite.

Restrictions on Use and Access

No restrictions.

No restrictions.

Selected Search Terms

These papers have been indexed in the International Catalog of Sources for History of Physics and Allied Sciences (ICOS) using the following terms. Those seeking related materials should search under these terms.

Persons

Van Allen, James Alfred, 1914-

Institutions

Explorer 33.
Explorer 35.
Hawkeye satellite.
Injun III.
Injun V.
Orbiting Geophysical Observatory I.
Pioneer 10.
Pioneer 11.
U.S. National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

Subject terms

Artificial satellites -- Tracking.
Astronomy.
Engineering.
Scientific apparatus and instruments.
Space sciences -- Research.

Material Separated from Collection

The following materials were removed from the James A. Van Allen Papers and the related collections.

  • Duplications.
  • Data telexes.
  • Published reprints readily available elsewhere.
  • Index cards sent to Van Allen requesting reprints.
  • Security file material not retained during sampling.
  • Terminated employee files from the business office.
  • NASA press releases.
  • Public relations material.
  • Dynamic Explorer material readily available elsewhere.
  • Routine material from the board of trustees of the IAU.
  • Operator schedules.
  • Orbital predictions and listings of spacecrafts crossing of the equator.
  • Smithsonian reports.
  • Injun V lists of data shipments.
  • All lantern slides under the assumption the negatives retained by department.
  • Subsystem calibration worksheets.
  • AGU publications.
  • NSI newsletters.
  • Acquisition lists for the math-physics library.
  • IGY bulletins.
  • Routine letters circulated in the professional societies.
  • Balance sheets from professional organizations.
  • Galileo material from 1985 (per JAVA).
  • Iowa Heritage Foundation material donated to the library.
  • Weekly status reports.
  • Attitude tape summaries.
  • SUI class catalogs and commencement programs.
  • Non Van Allen abstracts from professional meetings.
  • Blueprints contained in the final engineering reports.
  • NASA publications with reference numbers.
  • Travel vouchers and requisitions not oriented toward equipment.
  • Xeroxing expense breakdowns.
  • University Computer Center summaries.
  • Abstracts of student theses.
  • Exam schedule announcements.
  • Overtime charts.
  • AIP folders summarizing internal departments.

Provenance and Acquisition Information

This collection is one of several deposits since the early 1970s -- from Dr. Van Allen and the Department of Physics and Astronomy.

Processing Information

The papers of Dr. James A. Van Allen, 1914- , comprise a diverse and rich record of one of the leading scientists in the early exploration and study of the upper atmosphere, the near-Earth space environment, and the solar system using rocket propelled vehicles. The papers span fifty years and provide ample documentation of his central participation in this signal scientific achievement of the 20th century. In addition to detailing Van Allen's productive research career, these records illuminate broader themes in the evolution of science after World War II.

Trained as a nuclear physicist, Van Allen spent most of his professional career at the University of Iowa as a professor of physics and Head of its Department of Physics and Astronomy (1951-1985) after working at the Carnegie Institution's Department of Terrestrial Magnetism (1939-1942), serving on active duty as a naval officer (1942-1946), and working at Johns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory (1942, 1946-1950). It was during his post World War II tenure at the APL that Van Allen initiated and pursued the use of rocket-based instruments to observe upper atmospheric phenomena and the primary cosmic radiation above the atmosphere. This work laid the foundation for his subsequent research at Iowa.

Van Allen's career spanned a period of important changes in the conduct and organization of science in the post World War II period during which the federal government established itself as an active partner in encouraging and facilitating the work of university scientists. In the late 1940s he was one of a small number of researchers who pursued their scientific investigations through the use of V-2 rockets captured from the Germans late in the war and the use of American-built Aerobee rockets. Through the 1950s Van Allen continued research utilizing rocket technology, culminating in his historic participation in the United States' first earth-orbiting satellite, Explorer I, launched in early 1958. During the 1960s and 1980s Van Allen acted as principal investigator for a wide range of instrumentation launched aboard satellites of the Earth and many planetary/interplanetary spacecraft: Mariner 2 and Mariner 5 to Venus, Mariner 4 to Mars, and Pioneers 10 and 11 to Jupiter and Saturn. Pioneers 10 and 11 are still operative after twenty years, traveling toward the boundary of the heliosphere. Pioneer 10 is the most remote manmade object in the universe.

The expense, complexity, and infrastructure necessary for the use of the new rocket and satellite technologies required federal sponsorship and helped spawn a complex set of relationships between scientists and the government, primarily with the military, until the establishment of NASA in 1958. Van Allen's career offers important insight into the new roles assumed by scientists as science came to involve politics and government bureaucracies. While research is central to the story, it is closely tied to a host of activities outside the laboratory: policy-making and advice to presidents, congress, and mission agencies; the work of a diverse array of advisory organizations; and the intricacies of the federal contract process.

The use of rocket and satellite technologies was also associated with a trend toward 'big' science. Research came increasingly to be conducted by teams of scientists and engineers, each with specialized roles such as project management, design and fabrication, systems integration and testing, launch and in-flight operations, and data acquisition and reduction. There was a premium not only on scientific skill but on managerial and organizational capabilities. These specializations became increasingly formalized after the advent of space-based missions and were more characteristic of NASA projects than of earlier military projects.

The changing research trends also affected pedagogy by incorporating the training of graduate students into the process of specialization associated with larger-scale investigations. In the early years, graduate students assisted with many phases of research including fabrication, testing, and data reduction often utilizing this work as the basis for theses and/or dissertations. Eventually, however, the increasingly intricate instruments came to be designed and constructed by mission engineers and technicians, often with highly specialized areas of expertise. Consequently, graduate student efforts shifted in focus from working directly with the equipment to data reduction and interpretation.

This guide attempts to represent this complex organization of science, both outside the university and within the laboratory, by describing four distinct but related collections. Together they provide an integrated view of Van Allen's research, pedagogical, and professional activity; his tenure as Head of the Department of Physics and Astronomy; and his leadership of an extended management structure for implementing projects. The first and largest collection, The James A. Van Allen Papers, includes material created or collected by Dr. Van Allen, excepting activity as Head of the Department of Physics and Astronomy. The second collection, The Physics Department Papers Under James A. Van Allen (1951-1985), documents the administration and management of a department growing from a small nucleus in 1951 to an extended administrative structure in the 1970s including project managers, and a contract administrator. The third collection, Project Manager Mission Papers, and the fourth collection, Mission Engineering Papers, contain the papers of the technical team formed for each mission. These materials provide a detailed picture of how scientific objectives interacted with the engineering process and the requirements of work performed under federal contract.

In arranging and processing these collections we have sought to untangle the often confusing array of documentation for the user, respecting provenance as much as possible. Toward this end, processing was organized as a team effort and included archival and historical expertise as well as the active involvement of the papers' principal creator, Dr. Van Allen. This approach proved an effective mechanism for understanding this complex of materials. Where appropriate, materials have been organized to make explicit the scientific and engineering steps taken in implementing an experiment or mission. Throughout the guide additional information is offered to make the significance and interrelationship of materials more understandable. Appraisal decisions were also made using this team approach.

The collections described here are the organized accumulation of several deposits since the early 1970s--from Dr. Van Allen and the Department of Physics and Astronomy--totaling 225 linear feet. In 1986, when the processing began, a thorough survey of Dr. Van Allen's office files and relevant departmental records was undertaken to identify additional materials which should be included within these collections. This resulted in approximately 75 linear feet of additional processed material. Information on the copyright, access, and use conditions may be obtained from the staff of Special Collections, University of Iowa Archives, where the material is housed.

Further materials on Van Allen's early career may be found at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and the Johns Hopkins University's Applied Physics Laboratory. Some of the material is still classified.

As project archivist I have had the honor and pleasure of working with Dr. Van Allen and Mrs. Robison. Their unending patience and willingness to assist me untangle the often confusing web of material greatly enhanced the success of this project. I thank them for their time, patience, encouragement and sense of humor. I cannot emphasize enough how important Mrs. Robison's work has been to the success of this endeavor--thank you. I also know Mrs. Robison would like to acknowledge with gratitude the support and love of her husband William Robison in being able to accomplish her many goals.

I would also like to thank the following individuals who contributed to the James A. Van Allen Papers and Related Collections project: Martin Collins, of the Smithsonian!s National Air and Space Museum, who consulted with Dr. Van Allen, myself and Earl Rogers at the beginning of this project and at important junctures throughout the processing of these papers; and for Martin's meaningful comments and input on the Guide; Earl Rogers of the University of Iowa Archives for his advice, support and assistance arranging space for these materials; and student assistants Mary Sims and particularly Marianne Toney. Marianne was largely responsible for refoldering the documents I organized. Her good work and persistence through the years are greatly appreciated and provided continuity which helped to assure the finish of a successful project. I am also grateful to Barbara Siebensuch for her funny cartoons and support; Susan Hansen and the library Copy Center staff (Barbara Canon, Kathy Gregory) and Nicole Devine and Jana Klingbeil for their work processing the photographs. I would also like to thank Francis Fang and the staff at the university printing service for their work. I have learned a great deal through my work on this project including about the history of space physics, all aspects of the archival process, computers and desk-top publishing. My deepest thanks to all who worked on this momentous project.

-- Christine D. Halas, Project Archivist

Related Collections

This finding aid originates from a guide that contains three other collections related to James A. Van Allen:

  • Van Allen, James Alfred, 1914-. James A. Van Allen Papers, 1938-1990. Finding aid
  • University of Iowa. Department of Physics and Astronomy. Records of James Van Allen, 1951-1987. Finding aid
  • University of Iowa. Department of Physics and Astronomy. Project Manager Mission Papers, 1963-1984. Finding aid

Although the guide was published as one edition, the four individual finding aids have been encoded separately. Therefore, users who find cross-references in this file should be prepared to consult the related finding aids if necessary.

Administrative Information

Title

Finding Aid to the Mission Engineering Papers, 1962-1980

Sponsor

This finding aid has been encoded by the Center for History of Physics, American Institute of Physics as part of a collaborative project supported by a grant from the National Endowment of the Humanities, an independent federal agency. Collaboration members in 1999 consisted of: American Institute of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Northwestern University, Rice University, University of Alaska, University of Illinois, University of Iowa, and University of Texas.

Publisher

American Institute of Physics.
Center for History of Physics.

One Physics Ellipse
College Park, MD 20740
nbl@aip.org

Published in 2000

Encoding Information

Machine-readable finding aid encoded in EAD v.1.0 by Clay Redding on July 18, 2000 from an existing finding aid using NoteTab Pro and C++ scripts created by James P. Tranowski (provided by Elizabeth Dow, Special Collections, University of Vermont). Any revisions made to this finding aid occurred as part of the editing and encoding process. Reviewed by Dick Kolbet, University of Iowa, on October 5, 2000 .

INJUN III

Folder 1-14

Box 1 Folder 1 Brown Notebook'Explorer IV Book III - Heidelberg'
Folder 2 Joe Luthy's Admn. and Project Management File, Feb. 1972-Feb. 1973
Folder 3 Joe Luthy's Misc. Graphs and Figures, Oct. 1972
Folder 4 Correspondence on Injun III, Aug. 1962-April 1963
Folder 5 Thermal Design Drawings and Blueprints, Injun III, Jan. - Oct. 1962
Folder 6 Design, Drawings and Blueprints, June - Sept. 1962
Folder 7 Structural Blueprints and Designs
Folder 8 Design NRI Drawings, Injun III, June - Oct. 1962
Folder 9 Fabrication and Assembly- Schonstedt Aspect Sensors, March 1962-June 1963
Folder 10 Testing Injun III CDS Detector Calibrations, u.d.
Folder 11 Testing Electron Multiplier Calibrations, Dec. 1962-March 1963
Folder 12 Testing D.C. Scintillator Calibrations, March 1963
Folder 13 Testing A-D Curves, Dec. 1962
Folder 14 Injun III GSFC Operations Plan, u.d.

OGO I

Box 1 Folder 15-Box 2 Folder 6

Box 1 Folder 15 OGO 1, EGO, Robert Bundy's Brown Notebook "EGO S-49", June-Dec. 1962
Box 2 Folder 1 OGO I, EGO, Design Blueprints, May 1962-Jan. 1963
Folder 2 OGO I, EGO, Thermal Design, Oct. 1962-Jan. 1965
Folder 3 OGO I Fabrication and Assembly Engineering Notes, Nov. 1962-Feb. 1963
Folder 4 OGO I Operations Orbital Information, u.d.
Folder 5 Hawkeye: W.E. Ulmer's Brown Notebook,'Command Decoder', Nov. 1971-Aug. 1973
Folder 6 OGO I Joe Luthy's File on Fabrications and Assembly Spacecraft Log and Quality Control Record

EXPLORER 33 & 35

Box 2 Folder 7 Don Leimer's Logbook 'Prime-AIMP Project Notes', July -Nov. 1967
Folder 8 Don Leimer's Logbook 'IMP D & E', June 1965-March 1966
Folder 9 Report on Alternate Mission Analysis, March 1966
Folder 10 Don Leimer's Logbook 'AIMP Satellite Program', April-Aug. 1966
Folder 11 Don Leimer's Logbook 'AIMP Satellite Project', Nov. 1964-June 1965
Box 3 Folder 1 Don Enemark's File, July 1964-March 1964
Folder 2 Data Reduction, July-Oct. 1966
Folder 3 Tracking by NLRO, Oct. 1969-Oct. 1971
Folder 4 IMP-D Logsheets, Feb. 1971-Oct. 1980
Folder 5 Explorer 33 (IMP D) Publications, March 1971
Folder 6 Explorer 35 (IMP E) Logsheets, Oct. 1969-Jan. 1970
Folder 7 IMP I Don Enemark's File, March 1964
Folder 8 Mariner 5 Instrument Record, D. Enemark's File, May-Nov. 1966
Folder 9 Mariner Venus 1967, D. Leimer's Logbooks, May 1966-June 1967
Folder 10 Mariner Venus 1967, Dave Camp's Logbooks, Jan. 1966-June 1967
Folder 11 Mariner Venus 1967, D. Enemark's File, March 1966-1967

INJUN V (Gene Wade's Files)

Box 4 Folder 1 Proposals, 1971
Folder 2 Contract File, u.d.
Folder 3 Correspondence, 1963-1967
Folders 4-5 Project Information, 1963-1967
Folder 6 Bimonthly Technical Progress Report Forms, 1966
Folder 7 Modification Reports, 1968
Folder 8 Monthly Technical Progress Reports File; Proposed Agreement for Data Acquisition, 1970
Folder 9 Analog Equipment Manual, 1967
Folder 10 Misc. Reports and Test Plans, 1971
Folder 11 Analog Manual,1967
Folders 12-13 General Blueprints, 1967
Box 5 Folders 1-5 Equipment Brochures and Flyers, 1965-1966
Box 6 Folder 1 Injun V Specifications, 1964-1965
Folder 2 3 Injun V Reliability and Quality Assurance, 1965
Folder 4 Analog Equipment Documentation, May 1967
Folder 5 Analog Equipment Documentation, 1967
Folder 6 Analog to Digital Data Sheets, 1967
Folder 7 Revised Analog Interface Data Sheets, 1967
Folder 8 Antenna Interface, u.d.
Folder 9 Command Generator File, 1967
Folder 10 Encoder, 1967
Folder 11 Ground Support Equipment, 1967
Folder 12 Harness Information, 1964-1967
Folder 13 Holograph Paperwork Analog Interface, u.d.
Folder 14 Power Budget, u.d.
Folder 15 Power Subsystem Design Documentation, 1967
Folder 16 Power Supply, 1962
Folder 17 Power Subsystem, 1967
Folder 18 Solar Cells, 1965
Folder 19 Umbilical File, u.d.
Folder 20 Integration Schedules, 1967
Folder 21 Test Plans and Procedure, 1967
Folder 22 Battery Test Data, 1964
Box 7 Folder 1 Launch Schedules, 1968
Folder 2 Stadan Command Summary Sheets, 1969-1970
Folder 3 Storage Subsystem Log, u.d.
Folder 4 Telemetry and Command Mask, u.d.
Folder 5 VAN System Interfaces, u.d.
Folder 6 Misc. Computer Printouts, u.d.
Folder 7 Astrodata Calibration Record, 1969
Folder 8 Computer Programs, 1967
Folder 9 Restart with Germany, 1970-1971
Folder 10 German Operations, Feb. 1971 -June 1971
Folder 11 German Space Operations Center
Folder 12 Mission Operations System, 1974

INJUN V (Don Enemark's Files)

Box 8 Folders 1-2 Solar Aspect System, Jan. 1966-July 1967
Folder 3 Solar Aspect Calibration, u.d.
Folder 4 Gene Wade's File, 1966-1968
Folder 5 Report and Manuals, July 1969, u.d.
Folder 6 Adcole Power Supply, Sept. 1966
Folder 7 Main Power System, Aug. 1966-Dec. 1971
Folder 8 Transmitters, Jan. 1966
Folder 9 Command Decoder and Generator, Sept. 1966-Jan. 1968
Folder 10 Housekeeping Electronics, June 1967
Folder 11 Magnetometer, Sept. 1966-Jan. 1968
Folder 12 TLM Filters, Paperware, Etc., May 1967-Jan. 1968
Folder 13 SDS Data System, Feb.-March 1966
Box 9 Folders 1-2 Tape Recorder, June 1966-April 1968
Folder 3 Thermal Report, May 1968
Folder 4 Engineering Reports, May 1967-March 1972
Folder 5 C. Wende's Memos File, 1968
Box 10 Folders 1-3 Monthly Technical Progress Reports, 1968-1970
Folder 4 General Spacecraft Documentation, u.d.
Folder 5 C. Wende's Tracking File, 1968
Folder 6 Paul Jagnow's General File, 1968-1970
Folder 7 Steve Robinson's General File, 1966-1968

PIONEER 10/11 (Don Enemark's Files)

Box 10 Folder 8 File re: Geiger Tube/GSE Manual, Sept. 1970
Folder 9 File re: Reliability Analysis, July 1970

HAWKEYE (Joe Luthy's Files)

Box 11 Folder 1 General Hawkeye File, June-Oct. 1971
Folder 2 Design Reviews File, Oct. 1963-Feb. 1973
Folder 3 Logbook, July 1972-Aug. 1973
Folder 4 Logbook,1972
Folder 5 Operations Report Material, Aug. 1972-June 1973
Folder 6 Testing Data, u.d

Appendix A. Acronyms and Abbreviations

The following is a listing of the acronyms and abbreviations contained in the James A. Van Allen Papers and related collections.

  • AASAmerican Astronomical Society
  • AAASAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science
  • ABMAArmy Ballistic Missile Agency
  • ADIEAir Density Injun Explorer
  • AECAtomic Energy Commission
  • AFCRLAir Force Cambridge Research Laboratory
  • AIMPAnchored Interplanetary Monitoring Platform
  • AIPAmerican Institute of Physics
  • AOAnnouncement of Opportunity
  • APLApplied Physics Laboratory (Johns Hopkins University)
  • APSAmerican Physical Society
  • ADIEAir Density Injun Explorer
  • AURAAssociated Universities for Research in Astronomy check 302
  • AXAFAdvanced X-Ray Astrophysics Facility
  • BAASBulletin of American Astronomical Society
  • BBRCBall Brothers Research Corporation
  • BODBoard of Directors
  • CASWCouncil for the Advancement of Science Writing
  • CDRCritical Design Review
  • CIWCarnegie Institution of Washington
  • CNESFrench National Center for Space Studies
  • COBECosmic Background Explorer
  • CODMACCommittee on Data Management and Computation
  • COMPLEXCommittee on Lunar and Planetary Exploration
  • COSPARCommittee on Space Research
  • CRCosmic Rays
  • CSSPCommittee on Solar and Space Physics
  • CSTICivil Space Technology Initiative
  • CTICircuit Technology Initiative
  • DASADefense Atomic Support Agency
  • DCRDesign Certification Review
  • DEDynamics Explorer
  • DECDigital Equipment Corporation
  • DEODepartmental Executive Officers
  • DODDepartment of Defense
  • DOEDepartment of Energy
  • DTMDepartment of Terrestrial Magnetism
  • EGOEccentric Orbiting Geophysical Observatory
  • EIPExperiment Implementation Program
  • ELVExpendable Launch Vehicle
  • EPTEnergetic Particles Team
  • ESSCEarth System Science Committee
  • ESAEuropean Space Agency
  • ESSCEarth System Sciences Committee
  • EUVEExtreme Ultraviolet Explorer
  • FPSTFields and Particles Science Team
  • FRRFlight Readiness Review
  • FUSEFar Ultraviolet Spectroscopic Explorer
  • GAOGovernment Accounting Office
  • GARPGlobal Atmospheric Research Panel
  • GRBGeophysics Research Board
  • GROGamma Ray Observatory
  • GSEGround Support Equipment
  • GSFCGoddard Space Flight Center
  • HEAOHigh Energy Astrophysics Observatory
  • HSTHubble Space Telescope
  • IAGCInter-Agency Coordinating Group
  • IASIowa Academy of Sciences
  • IAUInternational Astronomical Union
  • IEEEInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
  • IGYInternational Geophysical Year
  • IMPInterplanetary Monitoring Platform
  • IRInfrared
  • IRASInfrared Astronomical Satellite
  • ISEEInternational Sun and Earth Explorer
  • ISPMInternational Solar Polar Mission
  • IUEInternational Ultraviolet Explorer
  • IWCIowa Wesleyan College
  • JAVAJames A. Van Allen
  • JGRJournal of Geophysical Review
  • JOPJupiter Orbiter Probe
  • JOPMWGJupiter Orbiter Probe Magnetospheric Working Group
  • JOPSWGJupiter Orbiter Probe Science Working Group
  • JPLJet Propulsion Laboratory
  • KPNOKitt Peak National Observatory
  • LEPEDEALow Energy Proton and Electron Differential Energy Analyzer
  • LPMBLunar and Planetary Missions Board
  • LRCLangley Research Center
  • LTVVought Missiles and Space Company
  • MJSMariner Jupiter Saturn
  • MJUMariner Jupiter Uranus
  • SFCMarshall Space Flight Center
  • MURAMidwest University for Research in Astronomy
  • NACNASA Advisory Council
  • NASNational Academy of Sciences
  • NACANational Advisory Committee for Aeronautics
  • NASANational Aeronautics and Space Administration
  • NCOSNational Commission on Space
  • NOAANational Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  • NLRONorth Liberty Radio Observatory
  • NRCNational Research Council
  • NRAONational Radio Astronomical Observatory
  • NRLNaval Research Laboratory
  • NSFNational Science Foundation
  • OAOOrbiting Astronomical Observatory
  • OGOOrbiting Geophysical Observatory
  • ONROffice of Naval Research
  • OPSWGOuter Planetary Science Working Group
  • OSSAOffice of Space Science and Applications
  • OSOOrbiting Space Observatory
  • OTAOffice of Technology
  • PDPPlasma Diagnostics Package
  • PDRPreliminary Design Review
  • PIQSYPioneer International Quiet Sun Year
  • PJOPioneer Jupiter Orbiter
  • PLSPlasma Subsystem
  • POGOPolar Orbiting Geophysical Observatory
  • PRCPhysics Research Center
  • PRLPhysical Review Letters
  • PSACPresident's Science Advisory Committee
  • QA/QCQuality Assurance Quality Control
  • RRestricted Access
  • RFPRequest for Proposal
  • RPDPRecoverable Plasma Diagnostics Package
  • RSRPRocket and Satellite Research Panel
  • SAGScience Advisory Group
  • SIAMSociety for Individual and Applied Math
  • SOPEStrategy for Outer Planetary Exploration
  • SPIRCSSpace Physics Instrument Repair and Calibration Shop
  • SSBSpace Science Board
  • SSDSolid State Detector
  • STADANSatellite and Tracking Data Acquisition Network
  • STLSpace Technology Laboratory
  • STSShuttle Transportation System
  • SUIState University of Iowa
  • SWGScience Working Group
  • TPESPTechnical Panel on Earth Satellite Project
  • TPRTechnical Panel on Rocketry
  • TWXTelex
  • URAUniversity Research Association
  • UARRPUpper Atmosphere Rocket Research Panel
  • URSIUnion Radio Scientifique Internationale
  • USNCUnited States National Committee
  • USSRUnion of Soviet Socialist Republic
  • LTVUltraviolet
  • VLBAVery Long Baseline Array
  • VHFVery High Frequency
  • VLFVery Low Frequency
  • WASPWindow Aerological Sounding Projectile
  • WGIIWorking Group on Internal Instrumentation
  • WSWallops Station
  • WSSAWorld Space Science Agency
  • WSTFWhite Sands Test Facility
  • WTRWestern Test Range