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Charney, Jule G.
Jule G. Charney papers, 1936-1981, (bulk 1948-1981)
The papers of Jule Charney document his scientific, academic, professional, and political activities, 1936-1981. His contributions to the field of meteorology are described in extensive files of project reports, conferences and seminars, correspondence, and committee records of the many national and international organizations he particpated in, including: the Theoretical Meteorology Group at the Institute for Advanced Study; the Global Atmospheric Research Program (GARP); the Committee on Atmospheric Sciences of the National Academy of Sciences; and the Line Island Experiment and Tropical Meteorology Program at the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR). Writings, lectures on numerical weather predictions and theoretical meteorology, as well as research files containing computations, data, and reprints, document Charney's research; course and lecture notes, problem sets and examinations, and correspondence with colleagues reveal his activities as a member of the MIT Department of Meteorology. Correspondence with members of the international meteorological community further describes his professional activities.
Jule Gregory Charney, 1917-1981, B.A. in mathematics and physics, 1938; M.A. in mathematics, 1940; Ph.D. in meteorology, 1946, University of California at Los Angeles, remained at UCLA during World War II to train weather officers for the armed services. From 1948 to 1956 he directed the Meteorological Research Group at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton (N.J.) where he collaborated with mathematician John von Neumann in the development of numerical computers. His work contributed to the establishment of the Joint Numerical Weather Prediction Unit in Maryland for the analysis of large-scale weather patterns for the Air Force, Navy, and U.S. Weather Bureau. He came to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1956 as professor of meteorology and director of the Atmospheric and Ocean Dynamics Project. He became the first Alfred P. Sloan Professor of Meteorology in 1966 and was head of the Department of Meteorology, 1974-1977. His research focused on the mathematical description of large-scale atmospheric circulations and included work on the theory of ocean currents, atmospheric wave propagation, large-scale hydrodynamic instability, hurricanes, drought, and atmospheric blocking ridges. Among the correspondents represented are: Jakob Bjerknes, Arnt Eliassen, George Platzman, Carl-Gustaf Rossby, John Von Neumann.
Eliassen, Arnt.
Platzman, George W.
Rossby, Carl-Gustaf.
Von Neumann, John, 1903-1957
American Geophysical Union.
American Meteorological Society -- 1936-1981.
Global Atmospheric Research Programme -- 1960-1978.
Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.). Electronic Computer Project.
Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.) ENIAC Project -- 1918-1951.
Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, N.J.) Theoretical Meteorology Project -- 1948-1956.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Computation Center -- 1957-1961.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences -- Study and teaching -- 1956-1981.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Deptartment of Meteorology
Massachusetts Institute of Technology -- Faculty -- Personal and professional papers.
National Academy of Sciences (U.S.) Committee on Atmospheric Sciences -- 1957-1977.
National Center for Atmospheric Research (U.S.)
University of California, Los Angeles. Army Air Forces Training School -- Study and teaching -- 1939-1946.
Meteorology -- Research -- 1936-1981.
Meteorology -- Study and teaching.
Numerical weather forecasting -- History.
Meteorologists -- Archives.
Bjerknes, J. (Jacob Aall Bonnevie), 1897-1975
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Institute Archives and Special Collections. M.I.T. Libraries, Rm. 14N-118, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA